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History of the Jack Russell Terrier





The Jack Russell Terrier is a pedigree of working Terriers. They are named like that because they were first bred by the reverend John Russell (1795-1883). During the second half of the 18th century, this parson became well known as the breeder of one of the best Fox Terrier line in Devonshire, in England.


Besides his religious activity, the reverend John Russell was passionate about fox hunting and dog breeding. It’s said that he got his first Terrier in 1819, and that “Trump” has been the origin of his working Terrier line.


The role of this dog was to leave the game of his burrow, especially the fox, not exterminate in order to continue hunting.







Standards F.C.I.

the Jack Russell Terrier and Parson Russell Terrier



Two varieties evolved with basically similar Standards except for differences mainly in size and proportions. The largest, built over the square, is now known as the Parson Russell Terrier (the Reverend Russell Terrier) and shortest legged, slightly longer in its proportions, called the Jack Russell Terrier.



Currently in continental Europe, but also in Australia and the United States, the breed has two varieties:


  •  The Jack Russell Terrier, 25 to 30 cm.

  •  The Parson Russell Terrier, 31 to 38 cm.

 

 



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